A short course about Carl Jung
Carl Gustav Jung (26 July 1875 – 6 June 1961) was a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical psychology.
Jung's work was influential in the fields of psychiatry, anthropology, archaeology, literature, philosophy, and religious studies.
Jung worked as a research scientist at the famous Burghölzli hospital, under Eugen Bleuler. During this time, he came to the attention of Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis.
The two men conducted a lengthy correspondence and collaborated, for a while, on a joint vision of human psychology.
Carl Jung > Psychoanalysis5/35
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental disorders.
Carl Jung > Psychoanalysis6/35
The discipline was established in the early 1890s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud, who retained the term psychoanalysis for his own school of thought, and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others.
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Psychoanalysis was later developed in different directions, mostly by students of Freud, such as Alfred Adler and his collaborator, Carl Gustav Jung, as well as by neo-Freudian thinkers, such as Erich Fromm, Karen Horney, and Harry Stack Sullivan.
Carl Jung > Analytical psychology8/35
Analytical psychology (German: Analytische Psychologie, sometimes translated as analytic psychology and referred to as Jungian analysis) is the name Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist, gave to his new "empirical science" of the psyche to distinguish it from Freud's psychoanalytic theories as their seven year collaboration on psychoanalysis was drawing to an end between 1912 and 1913.
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The evolution of his science is contained in his monumental opus, the Collected Works, written over sixty years of his lifetime.
Freud saw the younger Jung as the heir he had been seeking to take forward his "new science" of psychoanalysis and to this end secured his appointment as President of his newly founded International Psychoanalytical Association.
Jung's research and personal vision, however, made it impossible for him to follow his older colleague's doctrine, and a schism became inevitable.
This division was personally painful for Jung and resulted in the establishment of Jung's analytical psychology as a comprehensive system separate from psychoanalysis.
Among the central concepts of analytical psychology is individuation—the lifelong psychological process of differentiation of the self out of each individual's conscious and unconscious elements.
Jung considered it to be the main task of human development. He created some of the best known psychological concepts, including synchronicity, archetypal phenomena, the collective unconscious, the psychological complex, and extraversion and introversion.
Carl Jung > Individuation15/35
The principle of individuation, or principium individuationis, describes the manner in which a thing is identified as distinguished from other things.
Carl Jung > Individuation16/35
The concept appears in numerous fields and is encountered in works of Carl Gustav Jung, Gilbert Simondon, Alan Watts, Bernard Stiegler, Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Schopenhauer, David Bohm, Henri Bergson, Gilles Deleuze, and Manuel De Landa.
Carl Jung > Synchronicity17/35
Synchronicity (German: Synchronizität) is a concept, first introduced by analytical psychologist Carl Jung, which holds that events are "meaningful coincidences" if they occur with no causal relationship yet seem to be meaningfully related.
Carl Jung > Jungian archetypes18/35
Jungian archetypes are defined as universal, archaic symbols and images that derive from the collective unconscious, as proposed by Carl Jung.
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They are the psychic counterpart of instinct. That is to say they are a kind of innate unspecific knowledge, derived from the sum total of human history, which prefigures and directs conscious behavior.
is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental disorders
Carl Jung > Complex (psychology)21/35
A complex is a core pattern of emotions, memories, perceptions, and wishes in the personal unconscious organized around a common theme, such as power or status.
Carl Jung > Complex (psychology)22/35
Primarily a psychoanalytic term, it is found extensively in the works of Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud.
is the name Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist, gave to his new "empirical science" of the psyche to distinguish it from Freud's psychoanalytic theories
Carl Jung > Collective unconscious24/35
Collective unconscious (German: kollektives Unbewusstes) refers to structures of the unconscious mind which are shared among beings of the same species.
Carl Jung > Collective unconscious25/35
It is a term coined by Carl Jung. According to Jung, the human collective unconscious is populated by instincts, as well as by archetypes: universal symbols such as The Great Mother, the Wise Old Man, the Shadow, the Tower, Water, and the Tree of Life.
Carl Jung > Collective unconscious26/35
Jung considered the collective unconscious to underpin and surround the unconscious mind, distinguishing it from the personal unconscious of Freudian psychoanalysis.
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He argued that the collective unconscious had profound influence on the lives of individuals, who lived out its symbols and clothed them in meaning through their experiences.
Carl Jung > Collective unconscious28/35
The psychotherapeutic practice of analytical psychology revolves around examining the patient's relationship to the collective unconscious.
describes the manner in which a thing is identified as distinguished from other things
Carl Jung > Extraversion and introversion30/35
The traits of extraversion (or extroversion) and introversion are a central dimension in some human personality theories.
Carl Jung > Extraversion and introversion31/35
The terms introversion and extraversion were popularized by Carl Jung, although both the popular understanding and psychological usage differ from his original intent.
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Extraversion tends to be manifested in outgoing, talkative, energetic behavior, whereas introversion is manifested in more reserved and solitary behavior.
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Rather than focusing on interpersonal behavior, however, Jung defined introversion as an "attitude-type characterised by orientation in life through subjective psychic contents", and extraversion as "an attitude-type characterised by concentration of interest on the external object".
Jung was also an artist, craftsman and builder as well as a prolific writer. Many of his works were not published until after his death and some are still awaiting publication.
are defined as universal, archaic symbols and images that derive from the collective unconscious, as proposed by Carl Jung
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